However, Paul has already stated that God is the God of Gentiles also, since he “will justify the circumcised by faith, and the uncircumcised through faith ” (3:29-30). This document has been generated from XSL (Extensible Stylesheet Language) source with RenderX XEP Formatter, version 3.7.3 Client Academic. See also Genesis 17:15-21; 18:11-14). Also, He imputes the very righteousness of Jesus to our account. Book of Romans Explained. Paul draws attention to two attributes of God. “For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about” (v. 2a). 11:8). 3:21-31. If, in fact, Abraham was justified by works, he had something to boast about—but not before God. We are “justified freely by his (God’s) grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus” (Romans 3:24). If the president decides to recognize a citizen’s contribution, the initiative is the president’s and the audience with the president is a gift. 3:8). 2 If, in fact, Abraham was justified by works, he had something to boast about—but not before God. Come with your confusion. 16For this cause it is of faith, that it may be according to grace (Greek: charin—from charis), to the end that the promise may be sure to all the seed (Greek: to spermati—the seed), not to (Greek: to the seed)that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham (Greek: to the seed of the faith of Abraham), who is the father of us all. Saul means asked and this was the name he was using when he was persecuting the Christians. Surely, there must be a copier’s error in the text! Paul’s point is that Gentiles were spiritually dead, but the God who gives life to the dead has breathed life even into the Gentiles. She replies, “Because I have devoted my life to serving Him. But the principle of grace is different (4:5). 5But to him who doesn’t work, but believes in him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is accounted for righteousness. We need our sin put on Christ’s account. It was when Martin Luther finally understood this truth that he was saved. Derek Kidner (Genesis [IVP], p. 124) notes that Abraham’s faith was both personal (in the Lord) and propositional (the Lord’s promise concerning a son). If you work to earn justification, then God owes you something. “but not toward God” (v. 2). Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Romans 4:1-5, 13-17 EXEGESIS: ROMANS 4:1-5. Copyright, Steven J. Cole, 2010, All Rights Reserved. That fulfillment is accomplished, not simply as followers of a philosophy, or a philosopher, but through relationship with a Living Person, Savior and Redeemer. God justifies only one kind of person: the ungodly. Under grace you do not work for justification. His righteous status cannot be earned, but is a gift of God. The Roman Forum was the scene of public meetings, law courts, and gladiatorial combats in republican times and was lined with shops and open-air markets. Let me draw out four implications of this astounding truth: Paul clearly spells it out, “to the one who does not work….” If you try to blend your works with God’s grace, you muddy the waters of pure grace. 3 For what does the Scripture say? But such boasting is foolish, because we’re really just one bug boasting to another bug. To receive the promise via the law would be to earn it, thus making faith unnecessary and the promise irrelevant (see vv. It was common for letters to begin with the name of the person writing the letter and the Paul is still hammering at the religious Jew (or any other religious person) who thinks that he qualifies for heaven because of his religion and good works. Paul must have said, “God justifies the one who tries to do his best. Both are beneficiaries of a generous gift. This privilege of an immediate transformation will belong to the believers who shall be alive at … 14For if those who are of the law are heirs, faith is made void, and the promise is made of no effect. Jesus Himself said, “Your father Abraham rejoiced to see My day, and he saw it and was glad” (John 8:56). “(Abraham) who is the father of us all” (v. 16b). Paul’s “what then” links chapter 4 to what Paul has been saying in the first three chapters where Paul established: • the reality of human guilt (1:18-32); The employer has enjoyed the benefit of the employee’s service, and is under obligation to compensate the employee. For historic purposes, he wanted to include in his picture certain characters well known in the town. Romans 5:12 - Therefore, just as through one man sin entered into the world, and death through sin, and so death spread... - Verse-by-Verse Commentary Hi, ... as usually explained, means nothing else. The Book of Romans is a four-part explanation of the Gospel message written by Paul to the Church in Rome. The truth is justification takes place in the heart. These works included his obedience when God called him to leave his homeland to go to a land that God would show him (Gen. 12:10). For him to say that Abraham is “the father of us all” is quite radical. “our forefather, has found according to the flesh” (v. 1b). He proves this by showing that Abraham was justified before he was circumcised. Their families mourn the tragic loss of their daughters. Paul is writing to a church that includes both Jews and Gentiles. Faith is the hand that receives the free gift of right standing with God apart from our works. In the 1990’s, many evangelicals signed a document, “Evangelicals and Catholics Together,” that would relegate justification by faith alone to the sidelines. “For the law works wrath“ (v. 15a). But it seems to me that Paul could be conceding to his Jewish readers, “Okay, maybe Abraham has some grounds to boast before men. Spurgeon applies it by saying that even so, God invites sinners to come at once for salvation, just as they are. The book of Romans is a Pauline Epistle (letter from Paul). He explained (ibid. “As it is written, ‘I have made you a father of many nations‘” (Greek: ethnon—can be translated “nations” or “Gentiles”) (v. 17a). Come in your disorder. Abraham was as much in need of God’s perfect righteousness as were the wicked people of Sodom. Who can boast of personal accomplishment in the presence of the creator of the universe? ROMANS 5:1-21 THE Apostle describes in this chapter the blessed accompaniments, the security, and the foundation of justification.This last branch of the subject is interwoven with an account of the entrance of sin and death into the world; while a parallel is drawn between the first and the second Adam in their opposite tendencies and influences. That would give some sort of merit to faith, which cannot pay the debt of our sin. For q there is no authority except from God, and those that exist have been instituted by God. These faithful acts seem to give Abraham cause for boasting, but Abraham’s deeds were not always faithful. It’s a debt. “This is in the presence of him whom he believed: God, who gives life to the dead, and calls the things that are not, as though they were” (v. 17). No person, however, enjoys that kind of power over God. Who can boast of personal holiness in the presence of God’s holiness? It would feed our pride. However, this does not mean that, in the absence of the law, there is no sin or accountability for sin. Paul’s point in 4:1-2 is that if justification were by works rather than by faith alone, it would give us a ground for boasting. after the Spirit. Meanwhile, on death row a serial killer awaits execution. If justification were based on how righteous we were in actual conduct, then we could never be declared perfectly righteous in this life, because we always have some indwelling sin in us. “What then will we say that Abraham” (v. 1a). Instead of killing them, however, the terrorists decided to seize their equipment, including the film projec… Romans 4 - NIV: What then shall we say that Abraham, our forefather according to the flesh, discovered in this matter? ‘Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness.’” (4:3, citing Gen. 15:6). Romans 5:1-9 New International Version (NIV) Peace and Hope. Grace abounds so that it “might reign” over abundant trespasses (Romans 5:21). If we could effect our own salvation by adherence to the law or by faith, why would we need a savior? 3:10), “There is none righteous, not even one.” We’re all bugs! Grace is “God’s unmerited favor toward humanity and especially his people, realized through the covenant and fulfilled through Jesus Christ” (Myers, 437). In God’s sight (Rom. ), “For unless you first of all grasp what your relationship to God is, and the nature of his judgment concerning you, you have neither a foundation on which to establish your salvation nor one on which to build piety toward God.” In other words, this truth is foundational for your entire Christian life. God graciously justifies the ungodly sinner who does not work for salvation, but believes in Jesus Christ. My aim today is that all of you will understand this crucial doctrine that is at the core of the gospel and that you will join Spurgeon in worshipful wonder that God has justified you. “For this cause it is of faith, that it may be according to grace” (Greek: charin—from charis) (v. 16a). Rather, he had no grounds for boasting at all. ... You thought, did you not, that salvation was for the good, that God’s grace was for the pure and holy, who are free from sin? You do not understand God’s grace. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 2004), Wright, N. Thomas, The New Interpreter’s Bible: Acts, Romans, 1 Corinthians, Vol. The flow of thought in the chapter is as follows (from Thomas Schreiner, Romans [Baker], pp. 6:23), eternal separation from the holy God. 4. Spurgeon ended that chapter in All of Grace by telling a story about an artist in the years before photography who painted a picture of a part of the city where he lived. Submission to the Authorities. 1What then will we say that Abraham, our forefather, has found according to the flesh? An analogy: No citizen has the right to demand an audience with the president. So Genesis 15 ratifies Abraham’s earlier faith. In other words, Paul does not mean that Abraham could have boasted before people, but not before God. As wonderful a gift as God's merciful forgiveness is, merely being forgiven through Christ's blood is not sufficient for salvation. The idea is that of “necessary but not sufficient.” Our faith is necessary for salvation, but not sufficient to effect it. You must be somewhat surprised to read a text like this: “Him that justifieth the ungodly.” I do not wonder that you are surprised; for with all my familiarity with the great grace of God, I never cease to wonder at it. 1 Abraham was, humanly speaking, the founder of our Jewish nation. SCRIPTURE QUOTATIONS are from the World English Bible (WEB), a public domain (no copyright) modern English translation of the Holy Bible. He also refers to Genesis 17:5, where God promised that Abraham would be the father of many nations (4:17), and concludes that descent from Abraham includes all “of the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all” (4:16). Step-by-step explainers for how romance works in Cyberpunk 2077 with a full list of male romance options and female romance options explained. Come filthy, naked, and dirty. In Romans 4:5, Paul makes one of the most outrageous claims in all Scripture: “But to the one who does not work, but believes in Him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is credited as righteousness.” What a staggering verse! Others argue that it should modify “forefather” (NASB & ESV). Thus God can justify uncircumcised Gentiles who follow the faith of Abraham. 5 Therefore, since we have been justified through faith, we [] have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, 2 through whom we have gained access by faith into this grace in which we now stand. I have denied myself for decades. It’s absolutely essential for you to understand the doctrine that Paul sets forth in Romans 4:1-5, that we are justified (declared righteous) by faith alone, apart from any works. So Paul is attacking the popular Jewish views about Abraham in his day, saying, “He couldn’t have been justified by his works.” Then he supports his argument with Scripture: “For what does the Scripture say? 2 For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about, but not before God. 1 What then shall we say that Abraham, our forefather according to the flesh, discovered in this matter? Some commentators argue that the phrase, “according to the flesh,” should not modify “forefather,” but rather, “has found.” Thus Paul would be asking whether Abraham found some way, according to the flesh apart from God’s grace, to be justified. John Calvin called justification by faith “the main hinge on which religion turns” (The Institutes of the Christian Religion, ed. No hero can require that the president pin on his medal. IX (Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1954), Luther, Martin, Commentary on Romans, (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Kregel Publications, 1976), Moo, Douglas, The New International Commentary on the New Testament: Romans (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1996), Morris, Leon, The Epistle to the Romans (Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdman’s Publishing Co, 1988), Mounce, Robert H., The New American Commentary: Romans, (Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1995), Myers, Allen C. The key personalities in the book of Romans are the … For a Jew, a quote from the writings of Moses had great theological weight, especially relating to Abraham, who was seen as the father of the Jewish nation. God justifies us as a gift through faith (3:24). Romans 4-5 English Standard Version (ESV) Abraham Justified by Faith. The passage in Genesis raises the question, “What did Abraham believe and why did God credit it to him for righteousness then?” We know that he had believed God previously, when he left Ur and set out for Canaan (Heb. But if the Reformers were right that this doctrine is the foundation of our salvation, then justification by faith plus works cannot be right. • the relationship of Jews to the law (2:17 – 3-8); Faith does not merit God’s favor, or grace would not be undeserved. When you work and your boss pays you, he isn’t doing you a favor. In Christianity Today, Wendy Murray Zoba says that one of the more effective evangelistic tools that Campus Crusade for Christ has developed is the Jesus film. “for where there is no law, neither is there disobedience“ (Greek: parabasis—transgression) (v. 15b). Jewish people are descended from Abraham according to the flesh. He/she has no currency to purchase salvation, but is wholly dependent on God to provide it as a gift. Paul does not say that our faith makes us righteous, but that “faith is accounted for righteousness”—which is to say that God, seeing our faith, credits our account to wipe out our insolvency—freeing us of debt—God’s grace undoing our unrighteousness. In All of Grace [Ages Software], C. H. Spurgeon wrote about Romans 4:5. What is wrong with the idea that good people deserve salvation, while evil people deserve hell? Especially noteworthy was his obedience of the command to sacrifice Isaac, his only son (Genesis 22:1-14). Romans chapter 1 KJV (King James Version) 1 Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God,. “But to him who doesn’t work, but believes in him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is accounted for righteousness” (v. 5). The name Paul means little. He knows that he deserves eternal torment in hell. But God will not be a debtor to anyone. Romans 4. We can be saved only if God chooses to save us. Thus many Jews assumed that Abraham was right with God, at least in part, because of his life of obedience. He called justification by faith “the chief article from which all our other doctrines have flowed.” He said, “If the article of justification is lost, all Christian doctrine is lost at the same time.” He argued, “It alone begets, nourishes, builds, preserves, and defends the church of God, and without it the church of God cannot exist for one hour.” (James Boice, Romans: Justification by Faith [Zondervan], p. 126, citing from What Luther Says: An Anthology, compiled by Ewald Pass, [Concordia], 2:702-704.). Roman Forum, most important forum in ancient Rome, situated on low ground between the Palatine and Capitoline hills. Paul said that God preached the gospel beforehand to Abraham when He promised, “All the nations shall be blessed in you” (Gal. Faith means taking God at His word when He promises to justify the one who has faith in Jesus (3:26). 4 What then shall we say was gained by Abraham, our forefather according to the flesh? 13For the promise to Abraham and to his seed that he should be heir of the world wasn’t through the law, but through the righteousness of faith. When you compare humans to humans, Abraham was a good guy. The verb, elogisthe, is an accountant’s word. • Second, God “calls the things that are not, as though they were.”  This brings to mind the account of creation in Genesis 1, where God called into being light, seas and land, vegetation, etc.—things that didn’t exist until God called them into being. Faith means taking the gift of Christ’s full payment for your sins, much as you would thankfully receive a check from a wealthy man who offered to pay a large fine that you couldn’t afford to pay. Romans 5:8-10. 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