The phosphorus urine test is used to check the amount of phosphate present in our body. It’s estimated that Brand used 5,500 liters (about 1500 gallons) of urine to produce just 120 grams of phosphorus, or nearly 46 … It is done because both the high level and low level of phosphorus can be dangerous for our health. Cut out and save all the striking strips. Phosphorus is a chemical element with the symbol P and atomic number 15. Heat until a red oil distills up from it, and draw that off. Heat the syrup until a red oil comes out of it. Playing next. When heated with carbon (charcoal) this decomposed to produce white phosphorus and sodium pyrophosphate. ** Nitrogen promotes leafy growth, phosphorus promotes root development and seed germination. Channel the phosphorus into water to cool it down. Then again, Sami, maybe this isn't such a good idea. Under high heat, the oxygen in the phosphate reacts with carbon making carbon monoxide. This cools to form solid phosphorus. After a complicated process of boiling and separating and recombining, he utterly failed to come up with gold. [NOTE: This is a retouched combination picture that … This makes urine the single largest source of phosphorous from urban areas. Sadly, his chosen path for this increase in wealth was alchemy. Back in the 17th century, the German chemist Hennig Brandt chose urine to isolate elemental phosphorus. He collected the oil and cooled down the urine. Report. The discovery of phosphorus was made when an alchemist, Hennig Brand, tried to make gold from urine. Heat that mixture strongly for 16 hours. ". Struvite produced from urine can be applied to fields just like any other fertiliser. From left to right: white phosphorus, red phosphorus, violet phosphorus & violet phosphorus. He collected the oil and cooled down the urine. Put the … Phosphorus, (IPA: /ˈfɒsfərəs/, Greek: phôs meaning "light", and phoros meaning "bearer"), is the chemical element that has the symbol P and atomic number 15. Here is a weekend project for Sami, TreeHugger's champion peecycler: make phosphorus from your own urine! Grab that oil! Fertilizer, which is a soluble phosphate, is produced by treating phosphate rock with sulphuric acid. It was what we now call phosphorus. Hennig Brand discovered the element of phosphorus in 1669. Mix the oil back into the black upper part. Let the rest cool. Elemental phosphorus exists in two major forms, white phosphorus and red phosphorus, but because it is highly reactive, phosphorus is never found as a free element on Earth.It has a concentration in the Earth's crust of about one gram per kilogram (compare copper at about 0.06 grams). Loading... How to make white phosphorus - YouTube The former is a waxy, yellowish-white, very inflammable, and poisonous solid. Feel like doing a lot of horrible things with pee this weekend? The easiest thing to be got from the body was urine, and Brand, somehow, acquired a lot of it. Line up as many matchbook covers as you can cut through with tin snips or good, sharp scissors. It's toxic and explosive in its pure form, but chemistry is fun, right? Of course, it will take a long time to convert. At the time, the only solid test for people not expressing obvious symptoms like my sister was looking for the presence of excess porphyrins in the urine. Keep it in a room away from people. About 30 years ago, my family discovered we had the genetic mutation that could yield porphyria. Grab that oil! His first step was marrying well; he was an officer in the army, but his wife had enough money for him to leave. It’s something that most people wouldn’t even think of trying to do, but back in the mid seventeenth century peoples general knowledge of chemistry was not as advanced as it is today. About 1500 gallons of urine went into his experiment, but it paid off. Figure 4: red phosphorus is in safety matches. Let the rest cool. He returned with 4 - 1 gallon plastic containers and told me I was to use them for a week and return however many were used at the end of the week. The observed symptoms of rickets in this disease are not amenable to vitamin D therapy, massive phosphaturia in this case is an important sign for the diagnosis. The most pronounced phosphaturia in so-called phosphate diabetes. How to Make Phosphorus o 1 Allow urine to sit in an open container for 7 days. Once you have white phosphorus, you can make red phosphorus by adding just a -trace- of iodine to the water under which the white phosphorus must be kept, and putting the jar out in the sunlight. Drill 3/4" hole in the lid of the 5 gallon bucket. The oil will come back out, followed by phosphorus fumes. Surprisingly, he got one. It can only safely be kept under water. The body needs phosphorus to build and repair bones and teeth, help nerves function, and make muscles contract. You can obtain it by boiling urine with carbon or by reacting bone-ash with sulfuric acid and carbon. Back in the 17th century, the German chemist Hennig Brandt chose urine to isolate elemental phosphorous. Voila. It glowed, perpetually, in the dark. (NH 4)NaHPO 4 —› NaPO 3 + NH 3 + H 2 O Subscribe Subscribed Unsubscribe 24 24. Could Harvesting Urine Ease Demand For Phosphorus? You want to be careful with your exposure." How to make Red Phosphorus. He wanted to come up with the philosopher's stone, which turned everyday elements into gold. Collis King. This makes urine the single largest source of phosphorus from urban areas. Extracting Red Phosphorus from Matchbooks: Rip off matchbook covers. This is thanks to the phosphates in urine. First white fumes come off, then an oil, then phosphorus. The substance will cool into two parts, a black upper part and a grainy lower part. Boil the urine until it's a "syrup." Urine is an excellent source of nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium and trace elements. Some scientists think, with some tweaks to our sanitation system, human urine could be mined for the necessary phosphorus. The buyers sold the secret to others, but it remained valuable and well-kept until 1737, when someone sold it to the Academy of Science in Paris and it was published. First, you should allow some urine (preferably your own but I don't judge) to sit in an open container for about a week. That sounds like quite an achievement, but Brand's life wasn't one that should, necessarily, be emulated. 21 Natural Home Remedies for Cats and Dogs, 10 Awesome and Cheap DIY Projects for Geeks, The Future We Want: The Year in Elon Musk, Tired of Winter? (And keep them in lightproof paper bags - also supplied - of course.) Heat that for about 16 hours. Back in the 17th century, the German chemist Hennig Brandt chose urine to isolate elemental phosphorus. Test Overview. Let the rest cool. Boil the urine until it's a "syrup." Lloyd Alter is Design Editor for Treehugger and teaches Sustainable Design at Ryerson University in Toronto. For this reason, we now use red phosphorus in matches. Phosphorus is an element that is essential for life. White phosphorus can be converted to red phosphorus, as they, plus the black form, are all allotropes of phosphorus. Phosphorus is essential to plant growth, but there’s a looming shortage, which could leave global agriculture without the fertilizer needed to feed growing populations. Brand capitalized on that — probably to his wife's great relief. His steps to discovering this element were undignified, to say the least. When I visited my family doctor, he said I'd have to submit urine for testing and stepped out of the room. But it could run out. Brand mourned for a time, and then went in search of another financially secure wife. Yellow Is the New Green: Is Pee-Cycling Greener Than a Composting Toilet? This makes urine the single largest source of phosphorus from urban areas. For example, it's a component of fireworks, flares and matches; it's used to dope silicon; and it's a plant fertilizer. He wants to make it from some other phosphorus compound, which is much harder. In his experiment, he boiled hundreds of litres of urine down to a thick syrup until a red oil distilled up from it. These conditions can be the indication of some serious diseases. Oh, and you'd need about 1500 gallons of urine. It is not quite as flammable, but given enough energy it still reacts with air. At that stage, the science generally meant doing weird and dangerous things to any substance scientists could get their hands on. you can get the ions out of solution by electrolysis like you mentioned before. He sold the secret to anyone who would pay enough, including Wilhelm Leibniz, the inventor of calculus. Allow the remainder to cool, where it consists of a black spongy upper part and a salty lower part. It exists in two major forms – white phosphorus and red phosphorus. Scrape off the lower part and throw it away. 5 years ago | 154 views. As soon as he got his hands on her money, he started his experiments again. Terribly rare and precious elements were popular, but so were human fluids. Then he said it: "Urine trouble now! 1. In his experiment, he boiled hundreds of litres of urine down to a thick syrup until a red oil distilled up from it. Phosphate is a charged particle (ion) that contains the mineral phosphorus. How do you get phosphorus from urine? How do you get phosphorus from urine? Red Phosphorus and Violet Phosphorus (Polymeric) Red Phosphorus has more atoms linked together in a network than white phosphorus does, which makes it much more stable. I concur with Wes. Alchemists tried anything, but they generally fixated on certain substances. Red phosphorus, a relatively stable allotrope of phosphorus, has many uses. IO9 suggests that you wear protective clothing and eye protection, and don't breathe, because "Urine contains urea, and that breaks down into ammonia. How to make Red Phosphorus Dan Lutes. Mix two tablespoons of finely-powdered charcoal and two tablespoons of powdered cinnamon into the urine and stir. She didn't have enough money overall — at least not according to Brand — and so he used what money she had to try to make more money. Are Flush Toilets Appropriate in Third World Countries? White and red phosphorus are monotropic allotropes – the latter is stable at all temperatures up to its melting point. A multivalent nonmetal of the nitrogen group, phosphorus is commonly found in inorganic phosphate rocks.. Due to its high reactivity, phosphorus is never found as a free element in nature. Humans were alchemical factories, turning ordinary substances like meat and grain into all kinds of things. Boil the urine until it’s a “syrup.” Heat the syrup until a red oil comes out of it. How to make Red Phosphorus. Grab that oil! Brand (also known as Dr. Teutonicus) evaporated urine and so produced ammonium sodium hydrogenphosphate (microcosmic salt), which on heating produces sodium phosphite. In this video I demonstrate how to produce white phosphorus from household materials. That's not making red phosphorus, that's separating it from the other junk in match strikers. Back in the 17th century, the German chemist Hennig Brandt chose urine to isolate elemental phosphorous. o 3 Pour the urine/charcoal dust and cinnamon mixture into a glass retort with a glass tube leading into a second beaker filled with plain water. How to Make Phosphorus o 1 Allow urine to sit in an open container for 7 days. Best thing is to go buy it. Discard the salt, mix the red oil back into the black material. During this week, get … Mix the oil back into the black upper part. When the phosphate loses its oxygen, it becomes phosphorus, which at high heat is emitted as a gas. No, I didn't have to FILL them all. Forms of it are found in DNA, RNA, and all living cell membranes. o 2 Mix two tablespoons of finely-powdered charcoal and two tablespoons of powdered cinnamon into the urine and stir. Scrape off the lower part and throw it away. She didn't have to live in poverty only because she was born in the 1600s, and so died young. It wasn't cheap, and Brand burned through all of his wife's money. The substance will cool into two parts, a black upper part and a grainy lower part. Phosphorous is essential for life, and it's used in most fertilizers. All the right elements that are necessary in large quantities for plant growth. Although no direct use was found for cold fire in Brand's life, people were fascinated with it. Follow. History and Design of the Bathroom Part 7: Putting a Price on Poop and Pee, 13 Natural Solutions for Killing and Deterring Ants, 8 Natural & Homemade Insecticides: Save Your Garden Without Killing the Earth. IO9 describes the process: You then mix the urine with the tasty powder and heat it in a retort like that kid in the chemistry set has. Browse more videos. Don't Think Hygge Thoughts, They Are Evil and Unhealthy. If you did, you'd be following in the footsteps of the least dignified scientist ever. How do you get phosphorus from urine? The phosphate urine test measures the amount of phosphate in a sample of urine collected over 24 hours (24-hour urine test). In rickets, the amount of phosphorus released in urine increases 2-10 times in comparison with the norm. This makes urine the single largest source of phosphorous from urban areas. Heat the syrup until a red oil comes out of it. One litre of urine contains 11 gms of nitrogen, 1 gm of phosphorus and 2 gms of potassium. 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